What Is The Capital Of Arizona? 4 Exclusive Facts You Must Know

Phoenix, Arizona
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Have you ever wondered what is the capital of Arizona? Phoenix, known for its extremity of hotness the world over, is the capital of Arizona, a southwestern state or province in the United States of America on the North American continent.

If you have been wondering what is the capital of Arizona, or confused about the status of the present capital of the state, here is your answer. Phoenix!!

It may seem a little weird and more intriguing to anyone who finds this fact for the first time that the capital of Arizona has been changed about four times in the past twenty-five years of its history.

This has been done on the accord of its growing territory, changed spaces as the state’s territory developed, and came to the establishment. But more or so, the change of the capital so many times can be owed to the changing politics of the state more than any other factor.

Besides being the most populated state capital in America, the capital city of Phoenix is known as Arizona’s Urban Heart, and it’s tremendously hot too. Now we shall discuss some more interesting facts and specific controversies regarding the establishment of the state capital Phoenix as we move ahead.

1. What is the capital of Arizona today?

Phoenix is the present capital of Arizona. But it has not been so since the beginning. The first capital of Arizona was in Chino Valley in 1863. It was Fort Whipple.

What Is The Capital Of Arizona
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For a period of four years, the capital of the Arizona territorial legislature was established at Prescott, and then it was translocated to Tucson in 1868, and then moved to Prescott again after a period of 11 years. Ten years later, the state capital was shifted to Phoenix in 1889. This is how Phoenix became the state capital and has continued to be for more than twenty years.

Capitals of the Arizona territory boundary line

These four cities of the United States had the luck and opportunity of being the capital of the Grand Canyon state in the past decades.

1.1 Prescott (1864–1867)

The American government named Prescott as the state capital in 1864, and it held the position for a period of four years.

1.2 Tucson (1868–1878)

For a year more than a decade, Tucson remained the capital of Arizona. The capital was moved from Prescott to Tucson by the 14th Arizona Territorial Legislature Assembly under Governor Richard Cunnigham McCormick.

1.3 Prescott (1879–1888)

For the second tenure, Prescott was voted as the state capital in 1879. It was basically because Prescott had good political strength in the legislature from Yavapai County (twelve representatives).

On the other hand, the southern abode of Tucson had only seven representatives from the Pima country.

1.4 Phoenix (1889–1911 to present)

Finally, in 1889, Phoenix was made the capital of Arizona territory.

The development of the Phoenix area as the capital of the state is owed to its City Hall which was used as the capitol at the time when the capital was first moved to Phoenix. this is exactly what the next topic deals with: Establishment!

2. Establishment of Phoenix as the capital of Arizona

The establishment of the Phoenix area as the capital city of the state was majorly the changing politics of the country, and by the time of the establishment of the 15th Territorial Legislature, it was the new city hall development in the city which favored Phoenix in being chosen as the capital of Arizona.

The city hallway was large enough to hold the state legislature decided its prospective quality of being the capital of Arizona, against Prescott which was the then capital of the state.

2.1 15th Arizona Territorial Legislature Assembly

It was on 21 January 1889 that the 15th session of the Arizona Territorial Legislature Assembly took place in the then capital of Arizona Territory, Prescott. On 7 February, the capital moved to Phoenix.

The Legislature Assembly continued till 11 April, a period which extended the sixty-day limit set for holding the Arizona Territorial Legislative Assembly. This was mainly because of the majority of the Republicans in the council. Because of this extension of the assembly, this session is popularly called the “Hold Over Legislature.”

Evidently, the main legislation of the session was the ‘relocation of the capitol‘ from Prescott to the newly built and developed city of Phoenix.

2.2 When did Phoenix become the Capital of Arizona?

It was in 1889 that Phoenix first became the capital of the Grand Canyon State of Arizona. It was declared the permanent capital of the state on 4 February of the same year.

The American Civil War (1861-1865) was a motivating factor in the transfer of capitals, which later also became a cause for the establishment of Phoenix as the capital city. However, the 15th Legislature decided the capital status of Phoenix.

Supporters argued that the centrally located Phoenix area, being a well-developed city, had ancient roots with shreds of evidence of Pueblo Grande ruins, the south-central part of Maricopa County, more resources, and the City Hall which could play the prospective role of the capitol legislature.

what is the capital of Arizona
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Before the Civil War, there were two capitals of the state of Arizona, and there were two divided Arizonas; it was with the ending of the war that the real shape of Arizona clarified as the one which we know today.

The transfer of the capitol to Phoenix was also shown as a way to secure and assure confederate sympathy as it did not exist in the southern territory any longer.

3. Meaning of Phoenix: the Capital of Arizona

Phoenix is a bird, famous for its immortal character and known to rise from its ashes. It is believed to have such magical properties that it can regenerate from its ashes after it has burnt itself post the completion of its lifecycle.

As it has been for me, most of us have found about the bird Phoenix from the famous and favorite of a lot of us, the Harry Potter Book (or Film) Series.

A Greek Mythological character, the Phoenix is said to have a lifecycle of 500 hundred years, after which it regenerates itself. However, whether it regenerates from its ashes or dead decompose is doubtful. And as you may have guessed, the Phoenix is not real. At least, not today, who knows it may have been in the past;)

4. Capital of Arizona: Phoenix

The Grand Canyon State of Arizona (AZ) has Phoenix as its capital, and here are some most intriguing things to know about the capital city named after the very famous and aspired Phoenix (bird).

Fifth largest city, and largest state capital in America

Phoenix is the fifth most populous city in the entire country. Additionally, it is the only state capital of the United States of America which has a population of more than a million mark. Besides its much-marked state capitol building, Phoenix is also known to be the largest state capital in America based on population.

A major tourist attraction

This is the most common and known one. So, here are just a few major attractions of the city you must indulge in, especially the capital museums.

Desert Botanical Garden

It is home to more than 50,000 desert plants.

Phoenix Zoo

With more than 12,00 animals, it’s a must-visit petting zoo!

Papago Park

With a magnificent scenic view and a zoo, it’s a hiking haven.

South Mountain Park and Preserve

It is just your perfect location for scenic views and hiking adventures!!

Musical instrument Museum

This one presents the history of instruments from all around the world.

arizona capital phoenix, downtown scottsdale
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Besides all these places you can visit and many more, you can also experience fun things like country western dancing, mountain hiking, or just taking a walk down the retro-chic Old Town Scottsdale in the capitol city of Phoenix!

Extreme heat in Phoenix, Arizona

Arizona in general, and Phoenix, in particular, is known for the extreme heat conditions with temperatures that go as high as 105 F. This is owed to its semi-arid or arid climate.

But, what contributes more to the extreme heat of the city is the “Urban Heat Island” condition of the state in general, caused by the presence of so many buildings and lack of vegetation cover. To know more about its extremity of hotness, and the major underlying causes, read here!

Summing it up for you

Phoenix is the fourth, official, and new capital of the southwestern American state of Arizona moved from its previous capital city of Prescott. It is the present capital city of Arizona territory made by the 15th Arizona Territorial Legislature Assembly and is known the world over for its extremely hot conditions.

Home to major tourist attractions such as the Camelback Mountain, OdySea Aquarium, Pueblo ruins, and many more, the fifth largest city of America, Phoenix is one of the best travel-to-places in the U.S.!

Also read: Things to Do in Waterton Lakes National Park



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