A most expensive city in the USA to live in, New York is the largest and most heavily populated city, best known for its Statue of Liberty, Wall Street, Beautiful Beaches, Time Square, Central Park and Tall Towers and Skyscrapers. Tourists from all over the world love to visit NYC. One such main attraction is One World Trade Center, the tallest building in NYC. It is reconstructed on the place of the Twin Towers that collapsed due to a terrorist attack.
The Tower symbolizes Unity in Diversity. It is made in the reminiscence of the innocent victims who got killed in the fatal incident of 9/11. With advanced technology and modern architecture, the tower holds the prestige of New York City, making it the tallest building in NYC and the western hemisphere. The following article discusses more of it.
A Brief History of Tall Skyscrapers and Tallest Building in NYC
Human Civilization has always been inspired to build to ever-most incredible heights, be it the legendary Tower of Babel to the enigmatic Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building.
Historically, the purpose behind the tall construction was to conserve the great rulers and their empires and to protect religion. The creation of skyscrapers first appeared in New York City and Chicago.
In the mid 19th Century, insurance businesses started flourishing; hence, they were the first enterprise that used technological advancements to make the dream of the tallest building in Nyc come true!
During the American technological revolution from 1880 to 1890s, America witnessed vigorous creativity emerge with newer inventions that helped architects construct higher buildings.
Initially, these tallest buildings in Nyc were used as office space. It helped the administration and office work to be concentrated in particular tall buildings enclosed in a city’s business and financial district.
With the increase in the urban lifestyle, architecture also shifted to the tallest buildings with high density. It enabled transportation to deliver thousands of people and workers to a particular locality even before the time when America launched motor cars on streets and transformed the then grid-shaped New York City into an urban establishment.
Except for some high-rise mansion blocks surrounding Central Park, New York, the houses with terraces still ruled the dense New York Cities before the motor-age in popular cities like Paris, London, and Manhattan. They progressed to even nine storeys in highly populated Hong Kong.
For proper ventilation, air and natural sunlight, the buildings and skyscrapers adopted shapes such as square, U, O, and H. Chicago also imposed a height limit of 40 meters in early 1893. Still, New York advanced with the tallest buildings and large blocks. MetLife and Chrysler buildings in New York fought to be the tallest building in NYC and the world.
With the completion of the Equitable building, an office skyscraper located at 120 Broadway, in the financial district of lower Manhattan in NYC, in 1915, the city started witnessing dark areas on the streets due to lack of natural sunlight. Therefore, the New York government introduced’ zoning laws’ to reach sunlight to the streets of NYC.
This brought a revolutionary change in the shape of the then-constructed buildings and skyscrapers. With it, the wave of Art Deco buildings in New York emerged in the 1920s, with Chrysler Building and Empire State building, until they permanently disappeared in the mid-1930s due to the great depression period and World War II.
NYC has always been famed for its high-rise skyscraper and building. Till the 1950s, there was no more construction of skyscrapers. Still, it again started after the war ended, bringing International Style into existence that we can see now in contemporary times. At some point in history, the Chrysler and The Empire State buildings were counted among the tallest buildings in NYC and the world.
One World Trade Center- The Tallest building in New York City
With almost 6,400 tallest buildings in New York City, since the 1890s, Manhattan has constructed several world’s tallest buildings. Most of them are located in Midtown and Lower Manhattan as the area has solid hard surface bedrock, which provides long-lasting structural durability and support to these tall buildings.
Many of the tallest buildings in NYC are residential skyscrapers, office and business spaces, and commercial and bank towers.
Let’s throw some light on the top ten tallest buildings in Nyc!
10 Highest Buildings in NYC with Utmost Height
1. One World Trade Center, HEIGHT– 1,776 ft.
The elegant One world trade centre is the tallest building in New York City. Formerly it is known as the “Freedom tower”, as the height of the building, which is 1776 ft., is symbolic of the same year in which the U.S. Declaration of Independence was signed, that was 4th July 1776, making 13 states free from the rule of United Kingdom of Britain.
The roof height is 417 meters (1,368 feet) tall, the same height as that of the original Twin Towers, but the antenna spire adds 124 meters (408 feet)to it, making the overall height of the tower 541 meters (1,776 feet), the tallest of all the existing tallest building in Nyc, USA. It is the same as the North tower, the real twin tower that was destroyed during the attack.
2. Central Park Tower, HEIGHT – 1,550 ft.
Central Park Tower is considered the tallest residential building in the world, completed in 2020. It is located in Midtown Manhattan, from street 57th to 58th in the west, near central park. The tower has 131 storeys that accommodate 179 luxurious apartments, including amenities like studio suites, swimming pool, children’s play area, entire floor space, duplex and triplex homes with a range of bedrooms starting from two to eight. Designed by the architects Adrian Smith and Gordon Gill, Central park’s tower height is 1550 ft. leaving behind the former tallest residential building, 432 Park Avenue, which is 1398 ft.
3. 111 West 57th Street, HEIGHT–1,428 ft.
The skyscraper in Billionaires row is lined up to Central park’s centerline. Popularly known as Steinway tower, 111 West 57th Street, it is the thinnest residential skyscraper, with a width-to-height ratio of 1: 24 in Midtown, New York. Designed by SHoP Architects, the building has 82 floors. The first five floors are used for retail space and recreation areas, and the remaining 77 are premium residential apartments that offer a 360-degree view from every single home unit.
4. One Vanderbilt, HEIGHT–1,401 ft.
One Vanderbilt in New York City’s tallest office building in Midtown East. Vanderbilt’s height is 1401 ft., and its width equals the entire city block. It has 93 floors, making it the fourth tallest building in NY. The location of the building is so perfect that it gives a beautiful view of the city’s other attractions, including Central Park, the Empire state building, the Chrysler Building, and lower Manhattan. One Vanderbilt provides you with giant glass elevators globally, with a maximum capacity of 4.5 tons.
5. 432 Park Avenue, HEIGHT– 1,396 ft.
432 Park Avenue is a residential skyscraper designed by Rafael Vinoly, situated in Midtown Manhattan at 57th street Park Avenue, New York City. It is the tallest apartment in the western hemisphere, with 85 floors. The tower has also acquired much slamming from New Yorkers for casting gloom, eventually overshadowing central park.
6. 30 Hudson Yards, HEIGHT–1,268 ft.
The third tallest office building in NYC. 30 Hudson Yards is a part of the United States’ most excellent private real estate development in history. It has the headquarters of famous global media and entertainment companies. The tower has 137 apartment houses, an Equinox hotel, an Equinox gym, medical offices, and retail space for all-purpose uses. Located on the west side, 30 Hudson yards has the highest outdoor observation deck in the western hemisphere.
7. Empire State Building, HEIGHT– 1,250 ft.
Located in Midtown Manhattan, NYC, 102 storeys, completed in 1931, the Empire State building’s height is 1250 ft., was considered the tallest skyscraper in the world till 1971. It is the finest example of Modernist Art Deco design. Even after facing the Great Depression, constructing the building took no less than 410 days. Empire State building is notably the most liked and photographed building in NYC.
8. Bank of America Tower, HEIGHT– 1,200 ft.
The Bank of America tower, also called One Bryant park, is regarded as the first skyscraper of its type to accomplish the Platinum LEED certification in New York City. It is a universally acclaimed model promoting green architecture in buildings. Green roofs and an Urban Garden Room are made primarily by using recyclable things and natural lobby materials, incorporating the nearby park into the construction, merging all together, focusing on the nature that still can be found in city life.
9. 3 World Trade Center, HEIGHT– 1,079 ft.
The skyscraper is on the east side of the World trade centre, lower Manhattan, NYC. It was constructed along with the reconstruction of the World trade centre. The building has 80 floors designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour and Partners. The tower’s all corners are column-free, and an external bracing system ensures that the office floors’ holders have a comprehensive 360-degree beautiful view of New York.
10. The Brooklyn Tower, HEIGHT– 1,066 ft.
Formerly known as 9 Dekalb, the Brooklyn tower is 93 storeys mixed-use but mainly residential skyscraper located in Downtown Brooklyn and is currently under construction. It is a project of JDS Development. The tower is started constructed in 2018 and is expected to be completed by 2022. Manhattan now is no new to tall skyscrapers, as Brooklyn tower has reached its full extremely height. It is constructed on top of The Dime Saving bank, dated late back to the 1990s.
One World Trade Center:
One World Trade Center is known as the most renowned building project in the world, from its massive architecture and innovative structure to the emotional impact it has played on the lives of New Yorkers. It is not only the tallest building in NYC, in the United States but also in the entire western hemisphere and the seventh-tallest building in the world. It is bounded by West Street in the west, Fulton Street, and Vesey Street in the Financial District of New York City.
One world trade centre is the prime building in the reconstructed World trade centre tower in NYC. The Twin Towers place has been reconstructed into a memorial devoted to the lives of innocent people who died in the tragic incident of 9/11. Adjacent to the tower’s south, you will also find a museum conserving the past remembrances of the event! The WTC Twin Towers serves as a statue of the past that speaks about the plight and victimization of innocent people who faced the terror attack, and the One world trade centre is regarded as a symbol of hope and the future.
The purpose behind constructing the one world trade centre is that it was constructed in reminiscence of the victims of the terrorist attack on 11 September 2001. Terrorists first hijacked the two commercial planes and then intentionally flew them in the direction of the first north tower at 8:46 am and the south tower at 9:03 am. Both the buildings collapsed, causing destruction and significant damage to New York and killing more than 2900 people.
A symbol of the American Spirit, the tallest building in NYC, One world trade centre, was designed as a remarkable architectural monument. With its utmost simplicity and structural standards, this building still holds the freshness of time.
It took approximately a year or more to clean up Lower Manhattan’s debris and destruction caused by the attack, a year or two for its planning and designing, and approximate 13 years in its construction. On 4 July 2004, the symbolic cornerstone of One World Trade Center was laid by Mayor Michael Bloomberg, engraved with “the enduring spirit of freedom” in a ceremony. On the other hand, the new skyscraper started construction on 27 April 2006 and was finished in July 2013. The building first opened in October 2014.
It is the tallest of all the World trade centre complexes and is only 2.5 miles from the Empire State Building in Midtown.
The famous David Childs, a consulting design partner at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, NY, designed the building. He completed his graduation degree in Art and Architecture from Yale College and,n 1971, he joined SOM. His notable completed projects include Worldwide Plaza on eighth avenue, the New York Mercantile Exchange, JFK International Arrivals Building, Stuyvesant School Bridge in Tribeca, and the Bear Stearns Headquarters. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey owns this beautiful tower.
It has 104 storeys divided into Basement- 5, Base- 19 floors, 68 offices, 4 public spaces, and 13 Mechanical floors, with 71 elevators that take less than a minute to reach the top of the tower. It has a total of 325279 sq. meters of floor space. It has 2.6 million sq. ft. office space and a lobby with a height of 55 ft.
It has a minimum of 3 million rentable sq. ft. space. The spire on the top of the skyscraper is 408 ft. long. The eccentric shape of the tower consists of 8 glass triangles that make two squares, one at the top of the building and the other at the base. This project has influenced structural engineering, reshaping how New York City buildings are built. It costs $3.9 billion for its construction and expects to have more than 3 million visitors annually.
The base structure of the building is designed in such a way that it has an entry system from all four sides of the building, making it easy to handle the traffic of visitors and office tenants. One World Trade Center starts with a 200 ft. square footprint, identical to the original twin towers’ measurements. The top of the tower ends with a square-shaped parapet. The building structure is accommodating as it has a massive steel moment frame that consists of beams and columns attached to welding and bolting.
The One World Trade centre used 14000 psi concrete for the first time, making it the first project in NYC. The tower’s strength lies in its solid concrete foundation and structural steel moment frame that holds the building. It is used in the base portion of the shear walls of the tower.
The skyscraper is one of New York City’s safest structures, with a central core encased by concrete. From the 20th floor, high-performance curtain walls start and rise higher to the observation deck. Stairwells, elevators, gas and water pipes, communication systems, and an emergency lift for firefighters are all housed in the core. Water, generators, and ventilators are also housed in the central core as emergency supplies.
Like the other buildings in the rebuilt World Trade Center complex, it has sustainable architectural elements. Much of the building’s structure and interior are made of recycled materials, such as gypsum boards and ceiling tiles; around 80% of the tower’s waste products are recycled. Windows of the skyscraper are composed of ultra-clear glass, which enables maximum sunlight to pass through, and lights have dimmers that diminish electricity consumption on sunny days. Therefore, the tower has attained Gold LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification for its sustainability.
Untapped New York also discovered an interesting fact during the visit in 2013. They found an abundance of fun graffiti and drawing scribbled over the walls and wooden floorboards of the tower by construction workers. There were signatures, quotes, philosophical thoughts etc. It will always remain hidden underneath the beautiful walls of the skyscraper.
Intriguingly, the wall paintings and murals of the skyscraper are inspired and influenced by graffiti. Jose Parla, an American artist, installed and displayed in the lobby of the tower a mural named ‘ONE: Union of Senses’ in 2015. It is notably one of the most significant paintings in the City. It is selected for its diversity of colours, referring to the diversity of New York City’s people, bound with a sense of unity. It took him nearly eight months to finish his project, as he considers it the laborious piece of art of his lifetime. Along with it, the lobby also features two more paintings by Donald Martiny, named Lenape and Unami.
Many of the previous artworks were demolished in the deadly incident of 9/11, bringing losses of more than $100 million to the skyscraper. Some famous paintings include Bent Propeller by Alexander Calder, Sky Gate, New York by Louise Nevelson, The World Trade Center Tapestry by Joan Miró and Josep Royo, and several other sculptures.
Last but not least, the skyscraper is not only the tallest but the safest building in New York after considering the 9/11 attack. The tower adopted new security techniques and measures to ensure the safety of the people inside the building. It has approximately 400 CCTV cameras, kept under the surveillance of NYPD. Any vehicle entering the tower is also thoroughly screened. It was not initially opened for the general public and visitors, and everyone just had to go to undergo checking and screening. In addition, suspicious bags and other threats are adequately monitored.
Putting all Together
The city’s tallest building symbolizes peace, unity in diversity, freedom and optimism. Undoubtedly, along with the other tallest building in NYC, One World Trade Center stands above all. Through the people’s high spirits, determination, and continuous efforts, New York City paved its way to shine again after the deadliest incident of 9/11.
It is the most exquisite and secure skyscraper in the City. It not only adds worth to the City but also holds an emotional value in tangible form; therefore, one should capture its beauty.
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